Besakih Temple

Besakih Temple

Things to do - general

Besakih Temple

The biggest Hindu tample with beautiful view, here we can see the wide nature panorama until to the ocean

Besakih Temple (Pura Besakih) is a temple complex located in Besakih Village, Rendang District, Karangasem Regency, Bali, Indonesia. Complex Pura Besakih consists of 1 center temple (Penataran Agung Besakih temple) and 18 companion temple (1 Basukian temple and 17 other temple).

Pura Besakih is the most important, the largest and holiest temple of Hindu Religion in Bali. Perched nearly 1000 meters up the side of Gunung Agung, it is an extensive complex of 23 separate. All the temples in this complex related with the largest and most important being Pura Penataran Agung. The temple is built on six levels, terraced up the slope. The entrance is candi Bentar (split gateway) and also beyond it the Kori Agung is the gateway to the second courtyard.

All the allegiances of the Balinese people come together at Besakih. Each regency has its own temple within the over-all compound, as do each of the caste groups. There is a total of 18 separate sanctuaries.

To the Balinese a visit to the temple sanctuaries at Besakih temple is a special pilgrimage. Each temple has its own odalan (anniversary celebration). On the full moon of the Balinese month “Kedasa” the entire compound of Besakih celebrates the visit of the gods. During a religious ceremony this place will be full of pilgrims.

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Country Indonesia
Visa requirementsVisa is required
Languages spokenIndonesian,English
Currency usedIDR (Rupiah)

Culture and history info

The Besakih's name is come from the word of Basuki, the old language from Sanskrit Wasuki, and then it become the Ancient Java Language. In this Sanskrit, the Basuki means congratulation. In mythology of Samudramanthana has mentioned that Basuki is a dragon that twines the Mount Mandara. The omission has come from tradition megalithic which had been indicated that it had to be sanctified place. It seems, the Besakih temple is coming from very old era which is far before the existence of Hinduism influence. Hereinafter, an Ancient Bali king of Sri Kesari Warmadewa found the Merajan Selonding Temple in this temple complex area. He also commands to build the Blanjong Monument that is located in Sanur Village. The Besakih Temple complex is built pursuant to cosmos balance. It is based on the nature conception which is disseminating the fundamental temple complex that is arranged to pursuant of the way direction. So, this building can deputize nature as symbolic of the world balance existence. As we familiarize, that the point direction way like East, South, West, North, and middle as center point and each direction is named by Mandala. In Hindu philosophy, Panca Dewata is manifestation of Siwa God. Like Penataran Agung Temple as center, we find in its courtyard conception show the solidarity conception between the original Indonesia culture namely tradition megalithic in form of Punden Berundak-undak with the Hinduism concept. The ancient omissions which is existing in Besakih Temple complex can be classified into 2 types those are omission pertained by megalithic tradition and classic era. Besakih Temple beside as the altar for Hindu people in Bali, it is also as tourist destination which is a lot of visited by tourists. Culture and history image

Unfortunately there are no tour offers at this location at the moment.